The National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) has been launched by Ministry of Human Resource Development [MHRD] to rank higher educational institutions in the country based on objective, verifiable criteria. The ranking system is expected to promote excellence in education in a competitive environment.
This Framework (NIRF) would enable parents, students, teachers, educational institutions and other stakeholders to rank institutions on the basis of a set of objective parameters and a transparent process.
The ranking framework is designed such that institutions belonging to different sectoral fields such as Engineering, Management etc. will be compared separately in their own respective peer groups. The framework will evaluate institutions on five parameters—teaching, learning and resources (TLR); research, professional practice and collaborative performance (RPC); graduation outcome (GO); outreach and inclusivity (OI); and perception (PR) of end users. Each of these has been further subdivided to comprehensively assess an institute.
Teaching, Learning & Resources: These parameters are related to the core activities of any place of learning. These are organized into the following sub-parameters: Faculty Student Ratio. Faculty Qualifications and Experience. Library, Laboratory Facilities, Facilities for Sports and Extra-Curricular Activities.
Research, Professional Practice & Collaborative Performance: These parameters, therefore, attempt to measure the quantity and quality of research output as seen through international data bases, IPR generation and interface with industry and fellow professionals. These are organized as follows: Peer-Reviewed Publications. Citations of Research. IPR and Patents. Collaborative Work. Research Funding and Consulting.
Graduation Outcomes: This parameter forms the ultimate test of the effectiveness of the core teaching/learning activity. These are organized as follows: Public and University Examinations, Placement, Higher Studies and Entrepreneurship. Mean Compensation Package.
Outreach: The Ranking framework lays special emphasis on representation of women and socially challenged persons in student and/or faculty populations, and also on outreach activities of the institution. These are detailed below: Outreach, Region Diversity, Representation of Women, Socially Challenged Students, Facilities for Physically Challenged Students.
Perception: The ranking methodology gives a significant importance to the perception of the institution by its stakeholders. This will be accomplished through Stakeholder Surveys.
After the launch of the Framework, the Government has now started the process of participation of the Institution in the Framework for the Institutions, which are accredited/affiliated to the AICTE/UGC and has also made available a web-based platform the same. The process of submission and participation in the framework would begin from 2nd November 2015.
Our Higher Education System currently has NAAC and NBA as Accreditation Agency, which evaluates institutions on scientific parameters. Here comes another Ranking Parameter and Process.
Another sort of burden on the Higher Education System. Instead of developing new framework, it would have been more prudent to strengthen and consolidate the existing system of Accreditation. The CGPA achieved on Accreditation can also be used to create Rankings within the Institutions rather than asking the Institutions to participate in a new process. Government could have added parameters as given in this Framework in the existing process of accreditation.
Well the Argument continues !